Scientific Articles/Documents

. . Here are a few important documents concerning cybercars and CTS plus some concerning carsharing and automated vehicles. If you have an important article on these topics, please send its link to Michel Parent (

Recommendations for the Security of Connected and Automated Mobility. European Union Agency for Cybersecurity. May 2021.

Analyzing Ride-Share Potential and Empty Repositioning Requirements of a Nationwide aTaxi System. Princeton University. January 2021.

SAFE ENOUGH. Aproaches for assessing acceptable safety. MARJORY S. BLUMENTHAL, LAURA FRAADE-BLANAR, RYAN BEST, J. LUKE IRWIN. RAND Corp. Nov. 2020

The Micromobility Revolution: How Bikes And Scooters Are Shaking Up Urban Transport Worldwide. CB Insights. Oct. 2019

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety: Forging a FrameworkThe End of Driving. Laura Fraade-Blanar, Marjory S. Blumenthal, James M. Anderson, Nidhi Kalra. RAND Corp. 2018

Transportation Systems and Public Policy Planning for Autonomous Vehicles. Bern Grush John Niles. Elsevier. June 2018

Sharon Feigon and Colin Murphy. Transit Cooperative Research Program. Transportation Research Board. February 2018

California Proposed Driverless Testing and Deployment Regulations – Released October 11, 2017

On a Formal Model of Safe and Scalable Self-driving Cars. Shai Shalev-Shwartz, Shaked Shammah, Amnon Shashua (MobilEye). World Knowledge Forum in Seoul. October 2017

Waymo Safety Report. Waymo. October 2017

AUTOMATED DRIVING SYSTEMS.2.0: A vision for Safety. NHTSA. September 2017

Guidelines for Trials of Automated Vehicles in Australia. NTC Australia. May 2017.

Public fleets of automated vehicles and how to manage them. Bern Grush and John Niles. Thinking Highways. March 2017.

Autonomous vehicles: a potential game changer for urban mobility. UITP. Jan. 2017

Automotive Cybersecurity Best Practices. Auto-Isac. July 2016

Connected car report 2016: Opportunities, risk, and turmoil on the road to autonomous vehicles. Strategy&. Sept. 2016

Competition in the Robotaxi world. Brad Templeton. November 2016

Lincoln Laboratory demonstrates highly accurate vehicle localization under adverse weather conditions. MIT Lincoln Lab. June 2016


Ontario Must Prepare for Vehicle Automation.Bern Grush, Grush  John Niles and Edgar Baum. Residential and Civil Construction Alliance of Ontario. Oct. 2016

Top misconceptions of autonomous cars and self-driving vehicles. Alexander Hars, Inventivio GmbHh, Sept. 2016

Zero Road Deaths and Serious Injuries. OECD Report. Oct. 2016

Automated Driving Regulation: Opportunities, Pitfalls, and Bad Ideas, Richard Bishop, in The Future of Mass/Public Transit. Brad Templeton. March 2016.

The Pathway to Driverless Cars. Summary report and action plan. UK Dept of Transport. Feb. 2015

Report by Vijay Gill, Brian Flemming, Paul Godsmark, Barrie Kirk

Dr. Charlie Miller & Chris Valasek. “Adventures in Automotive Networks and Control Units”. DefCon Conference, Las Vegas. August 2013.

iMobility Forum. Roadmap: Automation in Road Transport. May 2013

Dr Bryan Walker Smith. “Automated Vehicles are Probably Legal in the United States”. Stanford CIS. November 2012.

Jan Van Dijke; Margriet Van Schijndel; Fawzi Nashashibi; Arnaud De La Fortelle    “Certification of automated transport systems”. TRA 2012 – Transport Research Arena Conference, Apr 2012, Athènes, Greece.

Have-IT. Final Report. September 2011

Frank Flemisch; Fawzi Nashashibi; Nadja Rauch; Anna Schieben; Sebastien Glaser; Gerald Temme; Paulo Resende; Benoit Vanholme; Christian Löper; George Thomaidis; Henning Mosebach; Jan Schomerus; Salim Hima; Armin Kaussner. “Towards Highly Automated Driving: Intermediate report on the HAVEit-Joint System”. 3rd European Road Transport Research Arena, TRA 2010, June 2010, Brussels, Belgium.

Hao Li; Fawzi Nashashibi; Gwénaëlle Toulminet. “Localization for intelligent vehicle by fusing mono-camera, low-cost GPS and map data”. IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Sep 2010, Madeira Island, Portugal.

Jianping Xie; Fawzi Nashashibi; Michel Parent; Olivier Garcia-Favrot. “A Real-Time Robust SLAM for Large-Scale Outdoor Environments”. 17th ITS world congress (ITSWC’2010), Oct 2010, Busan, Korea.

Adriano Alessandrini; Michel Parent; Carlos Holguin. “Advanced Transport Systems Showcased in La Rochelle”. IEEE.  Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Oct 2011, Washington DC, United States.

Samer Ammoun; Fawzi Nashashibi. “Real time trajectory prediction for collision risk estimation between vehicles”. ICCP 2009, Aug 2009, Cluj Napoca, Romania.

Rodrigo Benenson; Stéphane Petti; Thierry Fraichard; Michel Parent. “Towards urban driverless vehicles”. International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems, INDERSCIENCE, 2008, Special Issue on Advances in Autonomous Vehicle Technologies for Urban Environment, 1/2 (6), pp. 4 – 23

Sébastien Boissé, Rodrigo Benenson, Laurent Bouraoui, Michel Parent, Ljubo Vlacic. “Cybernetic Transportation Systems Design and Development: Simulation Software”. 2007 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation – ICRA’2007. Rome, April 2007.

Michel Parent. “New Technologies for Sustainable Urban Transport in Europe”.Transportation Research Board 85th Annual Meeting, Washington, January 2006.

Michel Parent, Arnaud De La Fortelle. “Cybercars : Past, Present and Future of the Technology”. ITS World Congress. Kobe, September 2005.

Parent Michel. « Road Map Towards Fully Automated Driving ». ITS-Europe Conference. Budapest, May 24-26, 2004.

Baloh Michael, Parent Michel. “Low-Level Control of a Self-Balancing Vehicle for an Autonomous Urban Transportation Network”. Machine Intelligence & Robotic Control. Vol.5, N° 3, pp.71-85. 2003

Parent Michel, Gallais Georges. « CyberCars : Review of First Projects ». Ninth International Conference on Automated People Movers. Singapore. Sept.2003.

McDonald Mike, Henry Alain, Espié Stéphane, Parent Michel, Vaa Torgeir. « Stardust – A Research on Deployment of Urban Sustainable Transport Systems ». ITS World Congress. Chicago. Oct.2002.

Pradalier Cédric, Sekhavat Sepanta. « Concurrent Matching, Localization and Map Building Using Invariant Features ». IROS’02. Lausanne. Sept.2002.

Parent Michel, Gallais Georges. « Intelligent Transportation in Cities with CTS ». IEEE ITS Conference,  Singapore.,Sept. 2002.

Tirmant Hélène, Baloh Michael, Vermeiren Laurent, Guerra Thierry-Marie, Parent Michel. « B2, An Alternative Two Wheeled Vehicle for an Automated Urban Transportation System ». IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Symposium. IV’2002. Versailles. France. 18-20 Juin 2002.

Clerget V., Hafez N., Parent M. Zvirin Y. “Low Cost, Trackless PRT”. APM Conference. San Francisco. July 2001.

Hafez Névine, Parent Michel, Proth Jean-Marie. « Managing a Pool of Self Service Cars ». IEEE Conf. on ITS. Oakland, USA. August 2001.

Blosseville Jean-Marc, Parent Michel. “The French Program La Route Automatisée”. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Council Newsletter. Vol.2, n° 3. September 2000.

Laugier C., Paromtchik I.E., Parent M. “Developing Autonomous Maneuvering Capabilities for Future Cars”. IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems. Tokyo, Japon. October 1999.

Parent Michel, Bleijs Cyriacus. « The CyCab : an Electric Vehicle Specifically Designed for Car-Free Cities ». EVS’15. Bruxelles. Octobre 1998.

Charron M., Viel D., Laurgeau C., Texier P-Y., Parent M. « Scenarios for the « Route Automatisée », the French AHS Approach ».  ITS World Congress. Seoul, Korea. Octobre 1998.

Massot Marie-Hélène, Allouche Jean-François, Benéjam Evelyne, Parent Michel. “Praxitèle : Preliminary Results from the Saint-Quentin Experiment”. TRB’99. Washington. January 1999 and Transportation Research Record 1666. Paper n° 99-1457, pp.125-132.

Parent Michel. « Automated Public Vehicles : A First Step Towards the Automated Highway ». 4th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems. Berlin, 21-24 Octobre 1997.

Bensoussan S., Parent M. « Computer-aided teleoperation of an urban vehicle ». ICAR’97. Monterey, California, USA. July 7-9, 1997.

Blosseville J-M., Dumontet F., Massot MH., Parent M., Polacchini A. « Performance Evaluation of a Station Car System ». TRB Meeting, Washington, USA. 12-16 January, 1997.

Parent M., Benéjam-François E., Hafez N. “Praxitèle : A New Public Transport with Self-Service Electric Cars.” ISATA Congress. Florence, Italy. June 1996.

Arnaldi Bruno, Cozot Rémi, Donikian Stéphane, Parent Michel. « Simulation Models for French Praxitele Project ».  Transportation Research Record, n° 1521, pp.118-125. 1996.

Parent Michel, Daviet Pascal. « Automated urbain vehicles : towards a dual mode PRT (Personnal Rapid Transit) ». IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 22-28, 1996.

Parent Michel, Fauconnier Sylvain. “Design of an Electric Vehicle Specific for Urban Transport”.  Electric Vehicle Technologies Congress, Paris, Nov.1995.

Daviet Pascal, Parent Michel. “Platooning for Small Public Urban Vehicles ”. Fourth International Symposium on Experimental Robotics, ISER’95. Stanford, California, June 30-July 2, 1995.

Parent Michel, Daviet Pascal, Denis Jean-Christophe, M’Saada Tarek. “Automatic Driving in Stop and Go Traffic”.  IEEE Conference on Intelligent Vehicles, Paris Oct. 1994.

Parent Michel, Dumontet François, Texier Pierre-Yves and Leurent Fabien. “Design and Implementation of a Public Transportation System Based on Self-Service Electric Cars”. IFAC/IFORS Congress. Tianjin, China. Aug. 1994.

Parent Michel and Daviet Pascal. “Automatic Driving for Small Public Urban Vehicles”. Intelligent Vehicles ’93. Tokyo. July 1993.

Parent Michel, Texier Pierre-Yves. “A Public Transport System Based on Light Electric Cars”. Fourth International Conference on Automated People Movers. Irving, USA. March 1993.